Mongolia launches Disaster Warning System
The government has started a 11.6 billion MNT project “Establishing Earthquake Warning System” at the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). The first stage of the project was completed and the Disaster Warning System was officially launched on December 6. It aims to warn the public about approaching natural disasters and minimize the possibility of disaster-related casualties.
The project is part of the “Cyber Governance” program in Mongolia, implemented by the Korean government.
KT Corporation was in charge of the project and planned works were completed on schedule. The Information Technology, Post and Telecommunications Authority has been monitoring the project’s progress.
The project considered technologies used in south eastern nations such as Japan, Thailand and Korea where disaster warning systems are highly developed. For instance, disaster warning systems in Japan predicted the deadly earthquake and tsunami in 2011 and 2012 a few minutes before they happened which saved the lives of thousands.
NEMA, the National Agency for Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring, and the Research Center for Astronomy and Geophysics (RSAG) will formulate the disaster reports, and deliver them to the Emergency Management and Report Center (EMRC) of NEMA. After that, the warnings will be delivered directly to siren towers across Ulaanbaatar operated by Mongolian National Broadcaster (MNB), Mobicom, Skytel, Unitel, G-Mobile, Orbitnet and radio stations to warn the public.
The EMRC has been newly established at NEMA and the 20 officials of the center will be in charge of the Disaster Warning System. The system joined over 90 organizations throughout Ulaanbaatar. Also, 60 siren towers have been installed on the roofs of tall buildings in each of the nine districts.
The EMCR will distribute a warning of up to 160 characters to television channels MNB, UBS, Mongol HD and to over ten radio stations for emergency broadcasting.
Deren soum of Dundgovi Province, Mogod soum of Bulgan Province and Tsagaannuur soum of Selenge Province are located in seismically active zones, according to RSAG. The above mentioned soums are located 170 to 300 km from Ulaanbaatar. When an earthquake occurs, its seismic waves can spread 2.5 to 3.8 km per second.
The disaster warning system’s main purpose is to warn residents about a disaster in time for evacuation or other emergency protocol. If an earthquake occurs in Mogod, 300 km from Ulaanbaatar, RSAG will receive information about the disaster through satellites 78 to 120 seconds before seismic waves reach Ulaanbaatar. The warning will be delivered to siren and broadcasting organizations in five to ten seconds, and they will warn the public about the earthquake in 73 to 110 seconds.
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