Global Corruption Barometer lists Mongolia the second most corrupt nation
According to a recent study, Mongolia is one of the most corrupt countries in the world, followed by Liberia. In both countries, 86 percent of residents believe corruption in the public sector is a very serious problem. The anti-corruption nonprofit, Transparency International, released its 2013 Global Corruption Barometer, which surveyed 114,000 residents of 107 countries.
The world’s corrupt nations differ in many ways. The 2013 Global Corruption Barometer shows that four of the most corrupt nations are located in Africa, three in Latin America and two in Asia. These nations also vary considerably in size and population. Mongolia has just 2.9 million residents, while Mexico, Nigeria and Russia are three of the largest countries on the globe, each with more than 100 million people. Based on the percentage of surveyed residents that reported corruption in the public sector is a very serious problem, these are the world’s most corrupt nations.
What many of these nations do have in common is that their people are largely opposed to corruption. Globally, 69 percent of people questioned by Transparency International said they would report corruption if they encountered it. In seven of the nine nations with the worst corruption, residents were at least slightly more likely to oppose corruption. In Paraguay, one of the countries with high corruption, 90 percent of citizens said they would report corruption, while 87 percent and 86 percent said they would do so in Mexico and Russia, respectively.
Many of those surveyed in the highly corrupt countries also felt their governments were not holding up their end of the bargain. In seven of the nine countries, more than half of those questioned felt their government was ineffective at fighting corruption. In Mongolia, 86 percent of residents surveyed said their government was ineffective at fighting the problem. This was the largest proportion of any of the 107 nations Transparency International surveyed.
Mongolia had one of the world’s fastest growing economies in 2012, when its gross domestic product rose at an estimated 12.3 percent, according to the International Monetary Fund. But corruption has been identified by USAID as a critical threat to the country’s continued growth as well as to its democracy. Corruption has become pervasive in the country, after “rapid transition to democracy and a market economy created huge demands on bureaucracy that lacks the [means] to prevent corruption,” according to the organization. Encouragingly, less than half of all people surveyed in the country said that corruption had increased in the past two years, versus 53 percent of respondents worldwide. Also, while 77 percent of people considered public officials to be corrupt, just 12 percent believed the country’s government to be run by a few large, purely self-interested entities.
Residents in the vast majority of countries around the world believe corruption has only gotten worse in the past two years.
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