D.Khayankhyarvaa: DP has turned its PM into a headless horseman

Trans. by B.DULGUUN

The following is an interview with D.Khayankhyarvaa, Member of Parliament and deputy head of Mongolian People’s Party (MPP), about timely issues.

Lately, the Amnesty Law has been at the center of public attention. Most MPs believe it is right to pass the law, but seem to have conflicts in opinion on the partial veto by the President. What’s your view on the Amnesty Law? 

The position of the MPP was clear from the beginning. We’ve been saying that higher officials shouldn’t be pardoned. I did express my own position when Parliament was discussing the Law on Economic Transparency because I don’t think that there are businessmen among people who concealed their assets. Businessmen don’t need to conceal their assets. It’s beneficial if they disclose their assets and financial status and make one MNT into 10 MNT. I believe the Law on Economic Transparency is aimed at people who’ve obtained both hidden assets while serving a specific role for a specific period.

The Amnesty Law was amended so that corruption and bribery cases of recent years would be overlooked. Is it even possible to submit such law? More than 400 cases related to bribery, which are being inspected by the Independent Agency Against Corruption (IAAC), as well as major cases in courted, are about to be pardoned by the Amnesty Law. The main purpose of the law shouldn’t be this, but dedicated to people whose freedom s were removed because of minor reasons. The Mongolian state must give amnesty to these people and take preventions so that they don’t make another mistake. 

How do you perceive the President’s veto on the Amnesty Law? 

After the law was passed, the President of Mongolia expressed his opinion and announced his decision to lay a partial veto. That veto has been submitted to Parliament as well. Personally, I completely support the President’s decision. Our faction already held a press conference to convey that we support the President’s partial veto. 

Critics say that accepting the veto will lessen the number of people who can receive a state pardon and that even first-time offenders in prison will not be pardoned. Can you comment on this? 

There’s no such thing. I’ve read the articles the President laid veto on. As the Head of State, he exercised a veto on articles related to bribery and corruption. I’m aware that all other articles are being included in the Amnesty Law. 

Corruption, bribery and theft are referred by the same term in articles and provisions. Does it mean that they can’t be included in other pardons separately?

The law itself was composed very cleverly, content-wise. As long as the Mongolian state exists, these things should be distinguished and amended properly. 

Will revision or amendment be required for the Amnesty Law if Parliament approves the veto?

If it’s required, amendments or revisions can be made. 

People are saying that the Justice Coalition racketeered and changed the first draft bill submitted by the government so that the law would be beneficial to former President N.Enkhbayar. Did the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP)’s Justice Coalition influence the draft of the law?

I can’t say that the Amnesty Law was dedicated to one person. However, I acknowledge that it’s dedicated to a group of people. If we evaluate how issues related to Chairman of the MPRP N.Enkhabayar were raised in the Amnesty Law, it is because there’s a part in the law saying that crimes would result in acquittals, rather than a pardon. If we consider from this perspective, we can’t deny that there was some sort of influence from the MPRP. 

Aren’t some people from your party also included in the “group of people” and going to be pardoned? 

The Amnesty Law should be separated from parties and factions. It will not be law if members disapprove or approve the law because it doesn’t apply to MPRP members or pardons DP members. The law should apply to everybody equally. 

The public hopes for the law to be adopted. Some people say that there will be various difficulties starting from economic difficulties if people aren’t pardoned during warm seasons. Others state that convicts in prisons may even strike if the veto and other issues are discussed unjustly. Do you agree with these claims?

Obviously, a law should be enforced from its specified implementation date if it has been passed. I don’t think the country will be economically efficient by adopting the law during warm seasons. Costs of prisons will be provided even if the adoption is prolonged. In other words, I don’t see much difference. It’s not certain that everyone released from prisons because of the Amnesty Law will immediately get employed. Mongolia has one shortcoming. Our nation has amended the Amnesty Law five times before. Yet, not once have we taken social reintegration actions for people who’ve been released from prison.

Official agencies take responsibility over the employment of released convicts and tried assisting their lives during socialism.  Now, there’s no such thing. A state action is demanded for correctly reintegrating people who’ve been sentenced to prison whether they’ve been pardoned or not. 

People are criticizing that despite not laying a veto on previous versions of the Amnesty Law, a veto was laid this time and that it’s connected to N.Enkhbayar. The President was also criticized for expressing himself at a meeting of the Prosecutor’s Office. Can you clarify on this?

The circumstance is very strange right now. Particularly in the past two to three years, politics has been going towards the wrong path like an epidemic. Political conflict has maximized from all sides, including businessmen and the public. This is definitely related to powerful politicians, especially the DP that’s ruling the government.

People’s minds are being corrupted because the thing called political hysteria exceeded its limits and the state is unable to operate as a state. Political parties aren’t fulfilling their duties either. This hysteria is an expression of disorder that forces every decision to be explained from the political side and spreads wrong information to the society.

People shouldn’t be telling the President where he can or cannot speak. As the Head of State, he’s well aware of where and what he can and cannot say. 

Will the MPP’s faction in Parliament accept the President’s veto if it proceeds to parliamentary discussion level? 

Our faction has agreed to accept the veto.

We’ve even officially announced our position through a press conference. Our faction has been facing differences in views on the Amnesty Law and Law on Economic Transparency since the beginning. But we’ve always said that we can’t allow this type of law, dedicated to higher officials, to be adopted. 

Convicts in prison, as well as their families, have long anticipated the adoption of the Amnesty Law. When will these people finally hear good news?

That issue depends on the ruling party. They’ve said that an irregular session will be held and the law would be approved. Yet the Government Press Office suddenly announced that the irregular session was canceled. I was told that the issue would be discussed during the regular session in October, but I recently received a message saying that an irregular session might be organized because the Amnesty Law needs to be discussed before September 6. Right now, the ruling party has made a mess of state works. Simply put, the DP has turned its Prime Minister into a headless horseman.

Before the spring session, the Prime Minister (PM) made a major statement saying that he would start Oyu Tolgoi and Tavan Tolgoi. On the following day, he backed out when the Speaker of Parliament threatened to dismiss him if he does that. The PM said he wouldn’t submit a proposal to dismiss six MPP ministers because if he did he would give up his position and leave with them. In the end, he submitted the names of those ministers and didn’t resign himself. Just recently, when the Amnesty Law was decided to be discussed at the next regular session, the PM changed the date to within September 6. This Mongolian PM has become a jester. Does that person even have a legal advisor or an advisor that teaches him how political works should be handled? It’s difficult to have a person acting like a jester or a person without a mind of his own serve an important government position. It will not work if he’s constantly under the influence of his party chairman. I hope the DP understands this.


Source: dnn.mn


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Posted by on Aug 30 2015. Filed under Prime Interview. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

1 Comment for “D.Khayankhyarvaa: DP has turned its PM into a headless horseman”

  1. I have just spent two wonderful years in Mongolia. I am however saddened by the political turmoil and the inability of the politicians simply to do what is right. Until the political system system stabilizes and becomes open and transparent the future of Mongolia is at best cloudy. This also applies to Mongolia’s legal system which sadly is ineffective. What was wonderful were the ordinary citizens of Mongolia with whom I interacted but who may never enjoy the country’s mineral wealth. I keep hoping those in power “will get what is needed.” but my hope is fading. My fingers are crossed.

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