State service dogs being prepared for border protection

 Trans. by B.DULGUUN

Dog trainers from the Federal Security Service of Russia came to Mongolia earlier this year in April, to train Mongolian Bankhar (a rare Mongolian dog breed) foreign breeds for border protection and at the invitation of the Chairman of the General Authority for Border Protection of Mongolia (GABP).

The four-month long training started in mid-April and is currently being conducted at the Training Complex of the GABP in Tuv Province until August. A total of 26 officers are training 26 dogs, including German Shepherds, Belgian Shepherds, Russian Shepherds, and Mongolian Bankhars, with assistance from Russian dog trainers.

The dog trainers noted that the future state service dogs managed to complete general training exercises within two months. The dogs are divided into two groups and accompanied by trainers for morning training. The morning training that takes place every day involves taking the two dog groups on separate routes, one group to steppes and the other to forests, and making them find food within a large area.

Senior Russian trainer R.V.Proshutinskii mentioned that it was possible to share and teach current training methods to other officers at different units because of the dog training program of the Federal Security Service of Russia. He also complimented Mongolian officers for being quick on their feet despite training dogs for the first time. After completing the training, the officers will take the dogs to guard the border along with them. 

First Mongolian Bankhar ready for service 

A guideline for training dogs was first approved by the GABP in 2013, providing every detail about how state service dogs should be trained and what kind of accommodation and food should be provided.

Over 100 dogs have been trained in the last three years for protecting the border in accordance to this guideline. Moreover, around 150 puppies are presently being trained. The GABP has some 200 guard dogs that didn’t go through a special training. Thanks to this, each border unit and brigade has five to 10 guard dogs.

As highlighted by Major B.Dashdendev, animal expert of the GABP, Mongolian Bankhars are undergoing training for the very first time to becomestate service dogs. Although it was written in a book that State Honored Teacher and dog researcher Osor trained a Mongolian Bankhar in the 1980s, the dog wasn’t used as a state service dog. Border service officers decided to train Mongolian Bankhars as guard dogs as they don’t have experience training this specific breed.

According to Major B.Dashdendev, Mongolian Bankhar dogs didn’t let people near them at first, but their fierce attitude disappeared once the training begun. Trainers also mentioned that it was difficult to train Mongolian Bankhars because they were rigid and slow, but after two months, they managed to complete the general training exercises easily. These first ever guard dogs of Mongolian Bankhar breed will soon begin fulfilling their duty in Altanbulag soum and central border points.

 B.Dashdendev: Service dogs were able to track down escaped prisoners that were 300 kms away

The border security sector was the first to receive assistance from state service dogs. Therefore, people in this sector are more experienced in training dogs. Animal expert of the GABP, Major B.Dashdendev gave a brief interview about the current training in progress.

The GABP is known to be the best in training dogs in Mongolia. Can you comment on this? 

It’s said the first instance of training state service dogs in Mongolia was in 1940, at the order of the Minister of Internal Affairs. A dog training center was officially established at the Erdenetsagaan unit in 1976. Six years later, a very large dog training center was opened in Lun soum, Tuv Province. From 1980 to 1990, more than 300 dog trainers were trained. All dog trainers working in organizations with guard dogs were trained at that center. Authorities of border service organizations began paying attention to state service dogs for borders protection in 2012, and established a large dog training base. Mongolian dog trainers also started studying foreign experiences for training dogs. 

Are state service dogs helpful in tracking down things and people?

The dogs trained at the training center in Lun soum used to discover many violations. People say that they used to even track escaped prisoners who were 300 kms away. Dogs have the ability to track scents as far as 100 kms away at maximum. 

Mongolian Bankhar dogs are currently being trained. What’s the prospect plan for them?

We started cooperating with the Mongolian Kynological Federation and Mongolian Bankhar Lovers Association from January 2015 and initiated to increase the population of Mongolian Bankhars and train them. The Head of the Mongolian Kynological Federation gave us two Mongolian Bankhars, and now we’re training them. We’re discussing with a center for training state service dogs about cooperating and improving this field.


Source: Daily news


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