N.Davaa: The nation will develop only if Mongolian inventors work nonstop

Trans. by B.DULGUUN

“Code for Green UB” is an initiative by the World Bank, Korea Green Growth Partnership, Startup Mongolia and Internews LLC to use ICT-based tools to address green development challenges in Ulaanbaatar. Within the scope of this initiative, a competition for environmentally friendly business projects was announced among inventors. Seven projects were selected for the final stage and BES team became the winner with their sealed heater that saves water and electricity. BES team received a start-up business financing of 4,500 USD and a mandate to attend an Asian-wide business meeting to be held in South Korea later this month.

Inventor of BES team’s sealed heater N.Davaa gave an interview about his design.

How did you come up with the idea for the water and electricity saving heater? 

I spent my childhood in Nisekh, near Chinggis Khaan International Airport. I was very interested in airplanes and satellites. I wanted to know how satellites and rockets are able to stay warm without freezing in space at minus 200 degrees Celsius. I asked my friend to buy me two 60 cm-long aluminium pipes from a satellite manufactured by NASA in 1998 from abroad. A little bit of heat conducted to that pipe spread evenly throughout its surface. When I tried opening up one of the pipes to see how it passed heat evenly, it contained 20 g of liquid substance. I had it analysed at a laboratory to see its chemical compound. That organic liquid evaporated at 20 degrees Celsius in a vacuum environment and evenly spread heat. When cooled, it returns to liquid form. I believed it was possible to resolve smoke issues in ger area if I create a cheap, water and electricity saving heater with this liquid. I wasn’t able to do it by myself. I formed a team with T.Oyunbat, who worked in the heating system of the Netherlands’ Philips Company, and B.Zolboo, who worked at Japan’s Toyota Motor Manufacturing. In 2009, we had 20 heaters with standard sizes assembled in China. 

Why did you have it assembled in China? Is it true you lost your patent to China? 

We couldn’t provide technological criteria if we manufactured it in Mongolia because there aren’t welding tools and equipment or production. After assembling 20 heaters in China, we returned to Mongolia and participated in the technology exhibit organized at Chinggis Square. Special commission from Russia saw our heater there. They were fascinated to see it heat up with little electricity. But Mongolians weren’t that interested. A year later, my friend who introduced us to China’s workshop called me and said that three to four large productions for manufacturing heaters were established near the workshop. When we went to those productions, they were manufacturing and selling heaters that we invented.

A Kazakh man that worked as a waiter in a restaurant in China put a heater manufactured by that Chinese manufacturer and formed a contract with the company to supply heaters to Kazakhstan. That business has become quite stable. There are over 10 companies in China manufacturing heaters like ours. Our heaters have been introduced to Russia and some productions have been launched. 

Didn’t you get a patent at the time?

We had intellectual property rights, but it wasn’t of use. I recently saw news of two large countries that steal patents globally. They are China and Russia, and they happen to be Mongolia’s neighboring countries. Still, we have the upper hand since we first manufactured sealed heaters. China and Russia manufactures the standard sized 55 cm tall heaters we first produced. They can’t manufacture heaters with different sizes because they didn’t create those heaters and can’t adjust the amount of the organic liquid. But Mongolia can produce heaters of any size and design that suits Mongolian gers, houses and glass buildings.

 Although your creation has been introduced to our two neighbors, Mongolia is finally becoming aware of it. At the time, didn’t you get support from related organizations?

We introduced our heater to the City Governor’s Office and related ministries and agencies. We even collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the Mongolian Energy Development Center and won the Best New Technology Award by participating in the Energy Mongolia-2013 International Exhibition at Micheel Expo. Inventors from five countries presented their energy saving technologies at that event. Although our creation won, Mongolians didn’t pay attention. People are now getting interested though the implementation of Code for Green UB initiative. Thanks to this measure, the state and related ministry expressed support for our product. 

How much does the sealed heater cost? When will production begin?

It’s possible to manufacture and sell each sealed heater for 250,000 MNT abroad and for 100,000 in Mongolia. We’ve studied that there’s a market worth 150 billion MNT in Ulaanbaatar for selling heaters. Furthermore, 1.2 billion people are using heaters across the world. Therefore, we’re working to establish a metal fabrication factory and manufacture heaters. We will not only supply Mongolia’s domestic market but also export heaters that we manufactured, with cost of 50 USD, for 400 to 500 USD. If financial issues are settled, production for heaters can begin by next month. For starters, we’re planning to produce 500,000 heaters.

 How is the sealed heater different from other heaters?

Gas, kerosene and electric heaters are used in Japan. These heaters cost very high. Compared to other heaters, using sealed heaters will allow companies to save up to 80 percent of operating costs. Sealed heaters can be heated by hot water or electricity. For example, an average of 10 liters is used per heater to heat up an apartment. Let’s say that four tons of water is used to heat a nine floor apartment. Our heater can heat that apartment with 350 liters of water. This shows that there’s a massive amount of saving in energy and water. Households in ger area use an average of 100,000 MNT worth of coal a month. If they use sealed heaters, they can get constant heating every month if they pay an additional 20,000 MNT for electricity bills. 

Source: Unuudur


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Posted by on May 28 2015. Filed under Community. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

1 Comment for “N.Davaa: The nation will develop only if Mongolian inventors work nonstop”

  1. I am not agree with the headline in this article. The reason for that is that a country must have a culture, a supporting system, an understanding and agreement and strong political and finincial tools for Research and Development, R&D. You can work as much as you want, but nothing will happens before the matters I have mentioned functions 100%.
    I have met many clever and innovative people in Mongolia. The country should start at least at the university level with an own education for R&D, and most important, it must be practical R&D, not only theoretically. In that way, the country could develope fast in the right direction for sustainable expanding business and also solve many challanges that Mongolia faces, like the air pollution problem. That would give many interesting jobs in the big unemplyment situation the country have now, and that also high educated people in Mongolia could have work at their real real knowledge level. A unique win win situation for everybody.

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