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‘Mongolian researchers are now capable of observing bacteria on a fly’s eye’

Trans. by B.DULGUUN

The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences (MNUMS) was upgraded with a new laboratory and equipment, which is expected to boost the contribution and value of Mongolian researchers, in late January.
This new laboratory is to become Mongolia’s core laboratory and was set up through education sector reform. Many researchers and experts believe that it will contribute greatly to gaining recognition and approval for various studies conducted in Mongolia.
At the new laboratory, researchers have started studying ways to perpetuate healthy and diseased cells. Perpetuating means freezing and storing cells at minus 80 to 200 degrees. When asked if it’s possible to freeze people alive and wake them up after one hundred years, researchers replied that it’s theoretically possible.

Moreover, scientists mentioned the possibility of creating a human being from a single cell in the future. Mongolia is in the process of creating a cell bank by storing cells through cryopreservation. Studies are also being conducted to separate nerve and skin cells to observe reaction on pharmacologic agents at the new laboratory. Studying cells of cancer and diabetes is valuable for finding the correct treatment. One of the researchers of the MNUMS said that the laboratory will be used to read gene sequences, enabling diagnoses of people with diseases at genetic levels, identify defects in the genetic system of an individual with specific diseases, and develop a cure or treatment.
According to research, 60 percent of diagnoses made in Mongolia come out different from diagnoses that people received after getting checked in South Korean hospitals. Accuracy of diagnosis can be improved through the new technology that allows experts to observe cell structure of organisms with nanometer precision. Specifically, it’s even possible to see a bacteria on a fly’s eye in Mongolia. The device will assist in separating active cells of hepatitis B and C, curing and treating it before a crisis happens.
President of the MNUMS G.Batbaatar noted, “Mongolia has set up one of the latest technology developed in 2014. Including the one in Mongolia, there are only six of this equipment in the world. ”
The MNUMS raised a billion MNT while the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science invested 4.4 billion MNT to establish this new core laboratory. After opening a core laboratory, researches and scientists of the school initiated and established a foundation to support innovation projects of teachers of the MNUMS. Out of over 20 projects, four projects have been selected to receive investment of 500 million MNT from this foundation.

Below is a short interview with one of the researchers that received financial aid, Sh.Chimedtseren. She is a professor of the Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology of the MNUMS.

What kind of researches have you completed?

I have a master’s and doctoral degrees in medicine with cancer immunology. Cancer is a disease formed from lack of immunity. I’ve conducted research work for finding how immunity is degraded and which cells in the cellular immune response system become more active during cancer. Through various researches, I discovered that certain protein molecules decrease when affected with cancer.

Did you conduct surveys in only Mongolia? Did you have the opportunity to study and do research abroad?

I got the opportunity to do research in several countries. For instance, I did a research at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Austria and found that mold fungi that rots rice, which we consume on a daily basis, inhibits our immune response. I believe that this can be treated with typical micro-organisms and bacteria.

Mongolians often travel abroad to conduct research works. Now it’s possible to do them in Mongolia, right?

Everyone studied abroad and learned to work on production technologies, but the amount of laboratories they could work in after returning were limited. Now, they can work at our school’s new laboratory, launched with grants from the government. Mongolia has many young talents who’ve spent large sums of money studying abroad and have accomplished many great things. They didn’t have adequate working conditions in their homeland, but this has been resolved within a very short period. Establishing this laboratory was the dream of scientists and researchers of all generations.

Source: Daily News

Short URL: http://ubpost.mongolnews.mn/?p=13551

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