Infant mortality and Mongolian population growth

Trans. by D.SERGELEN

Today we are glad that the Mongolian population is growing. But in reality, maternity hospitals can’t handle today’s overcrowding.
Mongolian President Ts.Elbegdorj appealed for an increase in the population, and the health sector and special inspections officials appreciated his speech. But it is unclear if the officials promoted the President’s idea at that time. Regardless, statistics show an increase in infant mortality from previous years.
Let’s have a look at health statistics for the first seven months of this year: 47,279 mothers gave birth and 47,587 new citizens were born in the last seven months nationwide. The number of mothers who gave birth increased by 1,464, or 3.2 percent, from the previous year, and the number of children who were born rose by 1,544, or 3.4 percent.
In July alone, 7,170 babies were born alive, 64 more babies born alive than the previous year.
With good things, bad news always follows. Let’s give consideration to some numbers.
Over the last seven months, 728 infants lost their lives (an increase of 10 percent, or 66 more deaths than last year). As soon as I saw this statistic, I wondered how we are going to increase our population if we lose our babies like this.
This fact proves that the Ministry of Health is not doing their job and the Inspection Authority, which has to inspect the Ministry’s work, can’t work enough. How did they all allow infant mortality to increase by 10 percent?
In 1990, the World Health Organization set a Millennium Development Goal to decrease mortality rates in children aged 0 to 5 by 30 percent in 1,000 live births. Mongolia has the duty to implement this goal and we have the larger goal of reducing mortality to 21 percent in 1,000 live births by 2015. Four months are left in the fixed period to meet this goal.
Already, 884 children from the ages of 0 to 5 years old have died in the last seven months and child mortality has increased by 8.9 percent from previous years. Can we lower this rate?
Three years ago, 30 infants in 1,000 died and the next year it declined to 18.7. But this year it reached 17 infants, three more children from the previous year. Fifty-five to 60 percent of babies who can’t live past age five are infants. Nearly 88 percent of them leave this world when they are only one week old. Doctors say their deaths are the result of illnesses in the womb.
This means that maternal health influences a child’s life.
Children are also losing their lives in traffic and household accidents, when they start walking and crawling. The relevant organizations know the reasons for child mortality, but why can’t they do anything to stop, or at least reduce the nation’s losses?
The one millionth Mongolian citizen was born in 1960 and the two millionth citizen was born in 1988. The National Statistics Office of Mongolia reported that the three millionth citizen may be born in the beginning of 2015, and if net population growth reaches 71,000 in 2014, Mongolia might welcome its three millionth citizen at the end of 2014.
But with the problems we are facing, are we ready to receive our three millionth citizen?

Source: http://www.mongolnews.mn/p/54213

Short URL: http://ubpost.mongolnews.mn/?p=11675

Posted by on Aug 28 2014. Filed under Opinion. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

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